BASIC ACCOUNTING PDF

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An accountant's job profile: functions of accounting. Utility of .. The basic purpose of cost accounting is to provide a detailed break- up of cost of different. This explanation of accounting basics will introduce you to some basic accounting Some of the basic accounting terms that you will learn include revenues. 3. Basic Financial. Accounting. Syllabus Content. Accounting systems – 20%. Ledger accounts; double-entry bookkeeping.;. D - Preparation of accounts – 45% .


Basic Accounting Pdf

Author:ELLA MITCHEN
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Published (Last):12.04.2016
ISBN:168-6-24721-158-8
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These records are maintained by using an accounting system. Accounting .. The two fundamental accounting concepts which were developed centuries ago . CFI's Principles of Accounting book is free, available for anyone to download as a PDF. Read about bookkeeping, accounting principles, financial statements. Accounting Simplified makes the basics of accounting easy to understand.” Basic Accounting Simplified also provides a practical approach to solving.

This book critically evaluates the strategic financial and marketing significance of credit terms management. Strategic Financial Management: Part II is one of the great eBooks available to download from our website.

Accounting Concepts, Principles and Basic Terms

This book is the second of fifteen books which introduces the basic principles of accounting. Want to know how to read a balance sheet?

This eBook explains what a balance sheet is and the role it plays in providing a picture of the financial status of a company. This book will look at how cash flows through a business, the uses of cash and how to assure cash is available when needed. Cash management includes: It is clearly accepted that good governance is fundamental to the successfully continuing operating of any organisation. Tools for Enterprise Performance Evaluation is one of the great eBooks available to download from our website.

This eBook you will give you a thorough understanding of the income statement and why it is such a powerful decision-making tool. This eBook will help you to understand how cash flows are generated and the role this knowledge plays in making sound financial decisions.

What is government auditing? Why is it necessary?

This one also stands tall among top finance and accounting interview questions asked in technical rounds by hiring managers. What are the three main Financial Statements? Again, follow the i. Income Statement — It presents a summarized view of revenue, income, profit, and loss of a particular accounting period. Cash Flow Statement — It shows the movement of cash and cash equivalents for a business during an accounting period.

Capital is shown on the liability side of a balance sheet.

What are Fictitious Assets? They are written off in multiple future accounting periods. Examples — Preliminary expenses, promotional expenses of a business, discount allowed on the issue of shares, the loss incurred on issue of debentures, etc. Fictitious assets are shown in the balance sheet on the asset side.

Top 100 Accounting Interview Questions & Answers

Accounting Concepts Business entity concept: A business and its owner should be treated separately as far as their financial transactions are concerned. Money measurement concept: Only business transactions that can be expressed in terms of money are recorded in accounting, though records of other types of transactions may be kept separately.

Dual aspect concept: For every credit, a corresponding debit is made. The recording of a transaction is complete only with this dual aspect. Going concern concept: In accounting, a business is expected to continue for a fairly long time and carry out its commitments and obligations. Cost concept: The fixed assets of a business are recorded on the basis of their original cost in the first year of accounting.

Subsequently, these assets are recorded minus depreciation. No rise or fall in market price is taken into account.

The concept applies only to fixed assets. Accounting year concept: Each business chooses a specific time period to complete a cycle of the accounting process—for example, monthly, quarterly, or annually—as per a fiscal or a calendar year. Matching concept: This principle dictates that for every entry of revenue recorded in a given accounting period, an equal expense entry has to be recorded for correctly calculating profit or loss in a given period.

Realisation concept: According to this concept, profit is recognised only when it is earned. An advance or fee paid is not considered a profit until the goods or services have been delivered to the downloader.

Accounting Conventions There are four main conventions in practice in accounting: conservatism; consistency; full disclosure; and materiality. Conservatism is the convention by which, when two values of a transaction are available, the lower-value transaction is recorded.

By this convention, profit should never be overestimated, and there should always be a provision for losses. Consistency prescribes the use of the same accounting principles from one period of an accounting cycle to the next, so that the same standards are applied to calculate profit and loss.

Basic accounting terms, acronyms, abbreviations and concepts to remember

Materiality means that all material facts should be recorded in accounting. Accountants should record important data and leave out insignificant information.Dual aspect concept: For every credit, a corresponding debit is made.

Fictitious assets are shown in the balance sheet on the asset side. The book then went on to describe cash accounting and accrual accounting.

Accounting Principles

This eBook you will give you a thorough understanding of the income statement and why it is such a powerful decision-making tool. Computers have simplified many of these labor-intensive tasks.

I Was Never One for Finance The first step in the cycle is to analyze the data collected from many sources. All in, understanding the basics of these accounting principles will help demystify some of those requests your accountant makes, or help you understand why a process is set up as it is.