Healing the Addicted Brain: The Revolutionary, Science-Based Alcoholism and Addiction Recovery Program, by Harold C. Urschel III, MD. Reviewed by John M. Healing the Addicted Brain: The Revolutionary, Science-Based Alcoholism and Addiction Recovery Program [Harold Urschel] on orbureforha.tk *FREE* shipping . Editorial Reviews. Review. "New, scientifically-based approaches that recognize the biological basis of addiction have brought major advances in the treatment.
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Healing the Addicted Brain: Cutting-Edge Available at: h p://orbureforha.tkuse. gov/scienceofaddic3on/orbureforha.tk Last updated August. This books (Healing the Addicted Brain [PDF]) Made by Harold C. Urschel About Books million Americans abuse or are dependent on. Bestseller, Healing the Addicted Brain: The Revolutionary,. Science-Based Alcoholism and Addiction Recovery Program. In his book Dr. Urschel shows readers.
But behavior plays a key role, especially when it comes to reinforcing a habit. Pleasure principle. The brain registers all pleasures in the same way, whether they originate with a psychoactive drug, a monetary reward, a sexual encounter, or a satisfying meal.
In the brain, pleasure has a distinct signature: the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the nucleus accumbens, a cluster of nerve cells lying underneath the cerebral cortex see illustration.
Dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens is so consistently tied with pleasure that neuroscientists refer to the region as the brain's pleasure center. The brain's reward center Addictive drugs provide a shortcut to the brain's reward system by flooding the nucleus accumbens with dopamine. The hippocampus lays down memories of this rapid sense of satisfaction, and the amygdala creates a conditioned response to certain stimuli.
All drugs of abuse, from nicotine to heroin, cause a particularly powerful surge of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens. The likelihood that the use of a drug or participation in a rewarding activity will lead to addiction is directly linked to the speed with which it promotes dopamine release, the intensity of that release, and the reliability of that release.
Even taking the same drug through different methods of administration can influence how likely it is to lead to addiction. Smoking a drug or injecting it intravenously, as opposed to swallowing it as a pill, for example, generally produces a faster, stronger dopamine signal and is more likely to lead to drug misuse. Learning process.
Scientists once believed that the experience of pleasure alone was enough to prompt people to continue seeking an addictive substance or activity. But more recent research suggests that the situation is more complicated.
Dopamine not only contributes to the experience of pleasure, but also plays a role in learning and memory — two key elements in the transition from liking something to becoming addicted to it. According to the current theory about addiction, dopamine interacts with another neurotransmitter, glutamate, to take over the brain's system of reward-related learning.
This system has an important role in sustaining life because it links activities needed for human survival such as eating and sex with pleasure and reward. The reward circuit in the brain includes areas involved with motivation and memory as well as with pleasure. Addictive substances and behaviors stimulate the same circuit — and then overload it.
Repeated exposure to an addictive substance or behavior causes nerve cells in the nucleus accumbens and the prefrontal cortex the area of the brain involved in planning and executing tasks to communicate in a way that couples liking something with wanting it, in turn driving us to go after it.
That is, this process motivates us to take action to seek out the source of pleasure.
How addiction hijacks the brain
This book is designed to get the attention of the suffering addict and alcoholic or the attention of family and loved ones , and in that regard I think it's a useful publication. The book explains addiction the way a good clinician tries to explain medical problems in the clinic.
The language is plain and simple. The book follows a logical, readable trajectory.
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First, Dr. Urschel says, you have to understand that you are fighting a disease. He spells out how the brain works and why the brain is vulnerable to intoxicating substances.
Third, he discusses the topics that are part of every good addiction treatment program. If every patient checking into a treatment program could have, on day one, a manual summarizing what the attending physician believes, and how the program works, and where to get more information, I think that would be helpful.
For that reason alone—Dr. Urschel has spelled out his thinking and his belief system in straightforward fashion—this book is going to help people.
Patrick Perotti scoffed when his mother told him about a doctor who uses electromagnetic waves to treat drug addiction.
Healing the Addicted Brain
Perotti, who is 38 and lives in Genoa, Italy, began snorting cocaine at 17, a rich kid who loved to party. His indulgence gradually turned into a daily habit and then an all-consuming compulsion.
He fell in love, had a son, and opened a restaurant. Under the weight of his addiction, his family and business eventually collapsed.
He did a three-month stint in rehab and relapsed 36 hours after he left. He spent eight months in another program, but the day he returned home, he saw his dealer and got high.
I could not see any way to stop. It worked.
Healing the Addicted Brain
Psychiatrist Luigi Gallimberti has used transcranial magnetic stimulation on other patients with similar success. He and his colleagues are planning a large-scale trial. The technique is now being tested for other types of addiction by researchers around the world. Gallimberti, a gray-haired, bespectacled psychiatrist and toxicologist who has treated addiction for 30 years, runs a clinic in Padua.
His decision to try the technique, called transcranial magnetic stimulation TMS , stemmed from dramatic advances in the science of addiction—and from his frustration with traditional treatments. More than , people worldwide die every year from drug overdoses and drug-related illnesses, such as HIV, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and far more die from smoking and drinking.
More than a billion people smoke, and tobacco is implicated in the top five causes of death: heart disease, stroke, respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer.
Nearly one of every 20 adults worldwide is addicted to alcohol. No one has yet counted people hooked on gambling and other compulsive activities gaining recognition as addictions. Related video: The Science of Addiction Addiction affects tens of millions of people across the planet. But where does it come from? In the United States an epidemic of opioid addiction continues to get worse.National Institute on Drug Abuse How can prescription drug addiction be treated?
Use caution with prescription drugs. This brain damage cannot be reversed by talking therapies; only select new medications and continued sobriety can do that. Proc Bayl Univ Med Cent. Related video: The Science of Addiction Addiction affects tens of millions of people across the planet.
This information presented in the book is based on the science of addiction and employing pharmaceutical interventions; not the spiritual surrender often promoted as the single path to recovery. Alcoholism is the third leading cause of death in the United States, right on the heels of heart disease and cancer. While relapse is frustrating and discouraging, it can be an opportunity to learn from your mistakes, identify additional triggers, and correct your treatment course.
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